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For a Shibboleth Identity Provider to join one of the Tuakiri Federations (Test/Dev or Pilot/Production), the following steps have to be done:

  • Registering the IdP in the Federation Registry
  • Configuring the IdP to load the federation metadata
  • Configuring the IdP to release the attributes required by the federation.

There are two federations available, both fully operational:

  • Tuakiri Test/Development Environment (Tuakiri-TEST) for testing deployments and developing new features
  • Tuakiri Pilot Federation Service (Tuakiri) for ready-for-production Identity Providers and services.

We recommend first registering a Test system into Tuakiri-TEST and after successful testing, register a production-ready system into Tuakiri Pilot.

Federation Details

Registering an IdP into the Federation Registry

Go to the respecting Federation Registry URL and:

  • Register an Organisation for your institution (if not already registered)
    • For Contact Details, do not use a shared mailbox, alias or mailing list when entering an email address because the confirmation email contains a single-use link and may cause some confusion should more than one person attempt to use it
    • For Organization Name, enter your DNS domain name.
    • For Organization Display Name, enter your actual organization name.
  • Wait for the Organisation to be approved
  • Register your IdP under that Organisation
    • Provide the Contact Details for the IdP admin (again, do not use a shared mailbox)
    • Select the organisation and provide a name and description for your IdP
    • Enter the base URL for your IdP (https://idp.example.org)
    • Enter the PEM encoded certificate used by your IdP for signing Shibboleth assertions (the default is $IDP_HOME/credentials/idp.pem).
    • Select the attributes the IdP will be able to release to the federation
    • Select supported NameID formats. By default, urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:nameid-format:transient is already selected. If supporting SAML1, select also urn:mace:shibboleth:1.0:nameIdentifier.
    • Submit the details and wait for your IdP to be approved.
    • After having your IdP registration approved, click on the link sent to you to become an Administrator of the IdP's registration.

      Confirmation email

      • It is important to click on the link in the confirmation email, as this makes the recipient of the email an administrator of the Identity Provider being registered in the Tuakiri Federation Registry.
        • The link in the confirmation email can only be used once.
        • Same applies for the link sent for the Organization registration.
    • If supporting SAML1, define the SAML1 endpoints for your IdP.

ECP support

If supporting ECP, advertise also your ECP SSO EndPoint: in the Federation Registry registrtion for your IdP:

The IdP also needs to be configured to support ECP

Configuring your IdP to load the federation metadata:

The code snippets in this section have values for Tuakiri (Pilot) federation. Please update them accordingly as per the table above if configuring your IdP to join the Tuakiri TEST/DEV federation. (The key code snippets are for convenience given in Appendix B - Tuakiri-TEST Federation below.

NOTE: Check what your IdP home directory is: the directory is typically called shibboleth-idp - and on Debian and Ubuntu systems, it's commonly /usr/local/shibboleth-idp, while on RedHat and CentOS it's /opt/shibboleth-idp. The snippets below are referring to the IdP home directory as $IDP_HOME

  • Download the metadata signing certificate into $IDP_HOME/credentials:
    wget http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem -O $IDP_HOME/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem
  • In $IDP_HOME/conf/relying-party.xml
    • Add the following snippet into the ChainingMetadataProvider:
              <!-- Tuakiri -->
              <metadata:MetadataProvider id="Tuakiri" xsi:type="metadata:ResourceBackedMetadataProvider">
                <metadata:MetadataFilter xsi:type="metadata:ChainingFilter" xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata">
                  <metadata:MetadataFilter xsi:type="metadata:SignatureValidation" xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata"
                                  trustEngineRef="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine"
                                  requireSignedMetadata="true" />
                </metadata:MetadataFilter>
                <metadata:MetadataResource xsi:type="resource:FileBackedHttpResource"
                                url="http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-metadata-signed.xml"
                                file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/metadata/tuakiri-metadata.xml" />
              </metadata:MetadataProvider>
      
    • And add the following snippet into the <security:TrustEngine id="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine" xsi:type="security:StaticExplicitKeySignature"> element:
              <security:Credential id="Tuakiri-FederationCredentials" xsi:type="security:X509Filesystem">
                  <security:Certificate>/opt/shibboleth-idp/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem</security:Certificate>
              </security:Credential>
      

      Remember to uncomment the <security:TrustEngine id="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine" xsi:type="security:StaticExplicitKeySignature"> element if it is still commented out (it is commented out in the default configuration).

Configure attribute release/filtering through the federation:

  • Contact the federation administrators and request a URL for the Attribute Filter for your IdP.
    • In the request, please include:
      • The name (hostname or entityID) of your IdP
      • An email address that should receive notifications whenever the attribute filter changes (these are notifications only, no action will be required).
    • The attribute filter may have to be manually added to the list of attribute filters published. Once created, the URL will have the form of: http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/<institution-domain>.xml
  • Add the following entry into <srv:Service id="shibboleth.AttributeFilterEngine" in $IDP_HOME/conf/service.xml (note that the URL varies for each IdP and has to be obtained from the federation administrators):
            <srv:ConfigurationResource xsi:type="resource:FileBackedHttpResource"
                                  url="http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/<institution-domain>.xml"
                                  file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-attribute-filter.xml" />
    

    Note: if your $IDP_HOME is different from /opt/shibboleth-idp, change the file path in the above snippet accordingly.

    If configuring this in Shibboleth IdP 2.1.x, do not use the srv: namespace prefix - i.e., use just:

            <ConfigurationResource xsi:type="resource:FileBackedHttpResource"
                          url="http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/<institution-domain>.xml"
                          file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-attribute-filter.xml" />
    
    
  • We also strongly recommend you configure your IdP to periodically reload this file - we recommend at 2 hour interval. This is documented in detail in the IdP Install Manual: Reloading configuration section and Load AAF Atribute Filter sections. The simple step is to add the configurationResourcePollingFrequency="PT2H0M0.000S" and configurationResourcePollingRetryAttempts="10" attributes to the <srv:Service id="shibboleth.AttributeFilterEngine" element.
        <srv:Service id="shibboleth.AttributeFilterEngine"
    +             configurationResourcePollingFrequency="PT2H0M0.000S" configurationResourcePollingRetryAttempts="10"
                 xsi:type="attribute-afp:ShibbolethAttributeFilteringEngine">
    

Now your IdP should be able to access service provides within the Tuakiri (Test/Dev) federation.

Appendix A - Alternative implementation

Loading the metadata and the attribute filter files from a remote URL makes the IdP depend on the accessibility of the remote URL. While for metadata itself, the IdP software should be sufficiently resilient, for attribute filter configuration, this is not the case. Tuakiri will be running their servers serving these XML files according to the best practices. However, some sites may prefer not to take on the risk and put the XML file loading outside of the IdP, into a separate process. This section describes this alternative implementation.

This implementation is based on using an external script (fetch-xml.sh). This script loads the XML file (over an HTTPS connection), checks the XML document for well-formedness, optionally verifies the signature on the downloaded XML document - and if all tests are passed, replaces the original file with a single "mv". The IdP would then detect a change and reload the file.

The script takes three arguments: the remote URL, the local file name, and an email address to send any errors to (no email sent if everything goes well).

An extra optional step (documented below) is to install XmlSecTool for verifying the signature. Otherwise, downloading the file over HTTPS and checking the XML structure provides also reasonable guarantees. If using XmlSecTool, the script takes a fourth argument, the certificate to check the signature with. And in this case, XmlSecTool must be found either in the PATH or in the XMLSECTOOL environment variable.

To deploy this solution without XmlSecTool:

  • Download the attached fetch-xml.sh script into /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin
  • Determine the URLs you will be loading the files (metadata and attribute filter) from and locations you will be putting them into - same as in the standard implementation above.
  • Download the metadata signing certificate into $IDP_HOME/credentials:
    wget http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem -O $IDP_HOME/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem
  • Invoke fetch-xml.sh once to download the metadata:
    /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin/fetch-xml.sh https://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-metadata-signed.xml /opt/shibboleth-idp/metadata/tuakiri-metadata.xml errors@institution.domain.ac.nz
  • Invoke fetch-xml.sh once to download the attribute filter for your IdP (note that you have to request one to be published, same as in the standard implementation above):
    /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin/fetch-xml.sh http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/institution.domain.ac.nz.xml /opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-attribute-filter.xml errors@institution.domain.ac.nz
  • Load the metadata from the local file: add the following into $IDP_HOME/conf/relying-party.xml (the variation from the standard implementation above is using a FilesystemResource instead of a FileBackedHttpResource)
    • Add the following snippet into the ChainingMetadataProvider:
              <!-- Tuakiri -->
              <metadata:MetadataProvider id="Tuakiri" xsi:type="metadata:ResourceBackedMetadataProvider">
                <metadata:MetadataFilter xsi:type="metadata:ChainingFilter" xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata">
                  <metadata:MetadataFilter xsi:type="metadata:SignatureValidation" xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata"
                                  trustEngineRef="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine"
                                  requireSignedMetadata="true" />
                </metadata:MetadataFilter>
                <metadata:MetadataResource xsi:type="resource:FilesystemResource" file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/metadata/tuakiri-metadata.xml" />
              </metadata:MetadataProvider>
      
    • Same as in the standard implementation, uncomment the <security:TrustEngine id="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine" xsi:type="security:StaticExplicitKeySignature"> element if it is still commented out and add in this snippet to load the metadata signing certificate
              <security:Credential id="Tuakiri-FederationCredentials" xsi:type="security:X509Filesystem">
                  <security:Certificate>/opt/shibboleth-idp/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem</security:Certificate>
              </security:Credential>
      
  • Load the attribute filter from a local file: Add the following entry into <srv:Service id="shibboleth.AttributeFilterEngine" in $IDP_HOME/conf/service.xml:
            <srv:ConfigurationResource file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-attribute-filter.xml" xsi:type="resource:FilesystemResource" />
    
  • Create a cron job to periodically (every 2 hours) download the metadata and the attribute filter: run crontab -e and add the following entry (matching the command you had run on the command line earlier):
    02 */2 * * * /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin/fetch-xml.sh https://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-metadata-signed.xml /opt/shibboleth-idp/metadata/tuakiri-metadata.xml errors@institution.domain.ac.nz
    02 */2 * * * /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin/fetch-xml.sh http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/institution.domain.ac.nz.xml /opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-attribute-filter.xml errors@institution.domain.ac.nz
    

Optional: Installing XmlSecTool

  • Download latest version (1.1.5 as of September 2011) from http://www.shibboleth.net/downloads/tools/xmlsectool/latest/ into ~/inst
    • Unzip into /opt/xmlsectool-$XMLSECTOOL_VERSION
    • Symlink as /opt/xmlsectool
      export XMLSECTOOL_VERSION="1.1.5"
      wget -P ~/inst/ http://www.shibboleth.net/downloads/tools/xmlsectool/latest/xmlsectool-$XMLSECTOOL_VERSION-bin.zip
      cd /opt
      unzip ~/inst/xmlsectool-$XMLSECTOOL_VERSION-bin.zip
      ln -s xmlsectool-$XMLSECTOOL_VERSION xmlsectool
      
  • Set JAVA_HOME to your Java installation:
    export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java
    
  • Invoke as /opt/xmlsectool/xmlsectool.sh
  • Modify fetch-xml.sh cron jobs to use XmlSecTool to verify signature:
    • Add /opt/shibboleth-idp/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem as an additional argument (the certificate to verify signatures with)
    • Prefix the commands with environment variable settings to tell the script where to find XmlSecTool and tell XmlSecTool where to find Java: JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java XMLSECTOOL=/opt/xmlsectool/xmlsectool.sh
    • The final form of the cron jobs is:
      02 */2 * * * JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java XMLSECTOOL=/opt/xmlsectool/xmlsectool.sh /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin/fetch-xml.sh https://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-metadata-signed.xml /opt/shibboleth-idp/metadata/tuakiri-metadata.xml errors@institution.domain.ac.nz /opt/shibboleth-idp/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem
      02 */2 * * * JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java XMLSECTOOL=/opt/xmlsectool/xmlsectool.sh /opt/shibboleth-idp/bin/fetch-xml.sh http://directory.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/institution.domain.ac.nz.xml /opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-attribute-filter.xml errors@institution.domain.ac.nz /opt/shibboleth-idp/credentials/tuakiri-metadata-cert.pem
      

Appendix B - Tuakiri-TEST Federation

This section gives the variants of the commands to be used when configuring the IdP to join the Tuakiri-TEST Federation (instead of Tuakiri Pilot).

  • To download the Tuakiri-TEST metadata signing certificate, run the following command:
    wget http://directory.test.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-test-metadata-cert.pem -O $IDP_HOME/credentials/tuakiri-test-metadata-cert.pem
  • For loading the Tuakiri-TEST metadata, put the following into relying-party.xml:
            <!-- Tuakiri-TEST -->
            <metadata:MetadataProvider id="Tuakiri-TEST" xsi:type="metadata:ResourceBackedMetadataProvider">
              <metadata:MetadataFilter xsi:type="metadata:ChainingFilter" xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata">
                <metadata:MetadataFilter xsi:type="metadata:SignatureValidation" xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata"
                                trustEngineRef="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine"
                                requireSignedMetadata="true" />
              </metadata:MetadataFilter>
              <metadata:MetadataResource xsi:type="resource:FileBackedHttpResource"
                              url="http://directory.test.tuakiri.ac.nz/metadata/tuakiri-test-metadata-signed.xml"
                              file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/metadata/tuakiri-test-metadata.xml" />
            </metadata:MetadataProvider>
    
  • And the code to load the Tuakiri-TEST metadata signing certificate would be - also in relying-party.xml in the <security:TrustEngine id="shibboleth.MetadataTrustEngine" xsi:type="security:StaticExplicitKeySignature"> element:
            <security:Credential id="Tuakiri-Test-FederationCredentials" xsi:type="security:X509Filesystem">
                <security:Certificate>/opt/shibboleth-idp/credentials/tuakiri-test-metadata-cert.pem</security:Certificate>
            </security:Credential>
    
  • The snippet to load attribute filter configuration would be (again, drop the srv namespace prefix with Shibboleth IdP 2.1.x):
            <srv:ConfigurationResource xsi:type="resource:FileBackedHttpResource"
                                  url="http://directory.test.tuakiri.ac.nz/attribute-filter/<institution-domain>.xml"
                                  file="/opt/shibboleth-idp/conf/tuakiri-test-attribute-filter.xml" />
    
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